Please wait...

Subscribe to AWI's free e-newsletters

Be informed of important news, events and action alerts

Wild dogs, Foxes & Pigs

AWI funding available

Funding is available under AWI’s 'Community Wild Dog Control Initiative' to individual groups to undertake wild dog control activities.

Funding can be directed by groups to fill gaps they have identified in their control plans. Particular emphasis is placed on assisting groups to become self-sufficient in the longer term.

To apply, groups should download and read the following Community Wild Dog Control Initiative (CWDCI) documentation:

Applicants should then complete the CWDCI application form and submit it along with a plan, a map and a project budget (as specified in the guidelines) to

Applications are open to new groups as well as those groups that have previously received funding from AWI.

If you need clarification or assistance please contact Ian Evans at AWI on 0427 773 005 or

Australia-wide AWI-funded wild dog coordinators

AWI funds and co-funds wild dog coordinators in each Australian mainland state.

The wild dog coordinator positions aim to help producers and other key stakeholders collaborate to reduce the impact of devastating livestock predation by wild dogs – and therefore improve on-farm productivity, rural community wellbeing and rural biodiversity. The position also aims to help coordinate on-ground wild dog control activities. This is vital but can be challenging for landholders without the external help provided by an independent coordinator.

The coordinators use a ‘nil-tenure landscape level’ approach with local communities that highlights the benefit of focusing on the ‘common problem’ rather than attributing ownership of the wild dog problem to individual land managers. This approach encourages good working relationships between private and public land managers. More importantly, it can have a positive impact on the emotional well-being of farmers in the area who now feel that something positive is being done to address the constant financial and emotional impact of wild dogs.

  • Queensland (south-west): Skyela Kruger 0429 232 089
  • Queensland (central-west): Michael Schrag 0437 116 875
  • NSW (north-east): Dave Worsley 0429 638 078
  • NSW (western): Bruce Duncan 0409 515 471
  • South Australia: Marty Bower 0419 835 120
  • Victoria (Gippsland): Brian Dowley 0408 436 600 and Lucy-anne Cobby 0488 712 616 (shared position)
  • Victoria (north-east): Michael Freeman 0477 358 061
  • Western Australia: Meja Aldrich 0417 622 780

PAPP: A new baiting option to combat wild dogs and foxes

An additional baiting option for reducing wild dog and fox numbers is now available to woolgrowers and other landholders across Australia.

Para-aminopropiophenone (PAPP) is a new chemical (toxin) that is now being manufactured and sold in baits by Animal Control Technologies Australia Pty Ltd (ACTA) under the product names DOGABAIT for wild dog control and FOXECUTE® for fox control.

PAPP was developed with funding support from AWI and is designed to allow baiting to still be an option in places where 1080 use is restricted, or for land managers who would prefer not to use 1080.

Further information:
AWI media release: First new predator toxin in 50 years becomes available (13 June 2016)
Beyond the Bale article (June 2016)
ACTA’s DOGABAIT brochure (PDF, 2.3MB)
ACTA’s FOXECUTE® brochure (PDF, 3.0MB)
ACTA website
PAPP for wild dog and fox control FAQs (links to Invasive Animals CRC PestSmart Connect website)

The annual loss to the Australian economy from wild dogs is $66.3 million. Read more in the Social impacts of wild dogs publication (PDF 1.12MB).

AWI investments in wild dog baiting and community management planning also benefit fox control.

Wild Dogs

Wild dogs cost the Australian economy $66.3 million every year. Sheep production is significantly reduced by wild dogs in particular.

The impact of wild dogs is felt across Queensland, the pastoral and now cereal zones of Western Australia, the NSW and South Australian pastoral zone, and along the Great Dividing Range in NSW and Victoria.


Recent AWI surveys found that despite known success in wild dog control, sheep producers are not confident to return to sheep or increase their flock size.

Wild dogs are controlled primarily by baiting with sodium fluoroacetate (1080). AWI has argued strongly for the continued availability of 1080 for wild dog control.

AWI's Wild Dog Control Program

AWI invests in a comprehensive suite of projects in wild dog control:

  • Baiting:
    • A  new canid (wild dog) toxin, PAPP, causes rapid death in dogs and foxes. PAPP is commercially available and AWI investment is complete
    • Research into 1080 aerial baiting to determine efficacy at different deployment rates for bait registration.
  • Coordination and support to implement wild dog management plans:
    • The National Facilitation of the Strategic Control project is led by the Invasive Animals CRC's (IACRC) National Facilitator, Greg Mifsud. Greg's time is mostly spent working with state agencies and landholders to develop local wild dog management plans. 
    • AWI Wild Dog Coordinators in Queensland, Victoria, NSW, SA and WA (see above) provide landholders with cross-group coordination, remove barriers to participation or control, coordinate training or education needs, introduce technologies such as aerial or ground baiting with 1080 or other methods, and identify issues to be solved.
    • Wild dog extension with agencies and landholders in WA, SA, NSW, Victoria and Queensland to increase the area of land under agreed management plans.
    • The Northern NSW Demonstration Site project with the NSW Department of Primary Industries, the IACRC and local landholders demonstrated new, landscape-scale, wild dog control tools. The producer committee continues to oversee the 1080 aerial bait rate project. 
    • Local facilitation for new Victorian groups. 
    • Cash grants to groups with wild dog management plans, to cover tools directly related to killing dogs.
  • Supporting woolgrower participation in wild dog advisory groups: 
    • SA, Queensland, WA, Vic and NSW woolgrowers on the National Wild Dog Management Advisory Group, which highlights research needs, and monitors the National Facilitation of Strategic Control project and other research done through the IACRC or other members of the Group.
    • AWI Wild Dog Advisory Group provides investment advice to AWI management and Board.
  • Understanding social influences on wild dog control: 
    • Wild Dog Issues Paper looking at the implementation of dog control from a social science perspective to develop recommendations for improved control.
    • Assessing in more detail the social aspects of wild dog control and why barriers to better control exist
  • Training:
    • Trapper training in Queensland where access to trappers is difficult and landholders request training to fill the gap.
  • Research and analysis:
    • Triple bottom line analysis through the IACRC to develop advice on policy advocating the social, economic and environmental benefits of wild dog control.
    • Assessing in more detail the interactions between changes in wild dog populations and other fauna population numbers.


Baiting Observations

At the IACRC wild canid demonstration site in northern NSW, a single dog ate 11 fresh meat baits over a couple of hours and another dog ate nine baits before both succumbed to 1080.

This finding was presented to the National Wild Dog Management Advisory Group in Port Augusta SA. More details are available from Guy Ballard, Project Officer Wild dog Management,

"Biteback" Case Study

Sheep producers in the North Flinders region of SA took action to help control the impact of wild dogs on their properties.

In 2008, they approached their local, community-based natural resource management (NRM) group for help.  Industry support followed, and a program was rolled out across the four NRM districts south of the Dog Fence in the SA Arid Lands region, covering an area of 200,500km².

Today there are almost 100 landholdings involved in the program, making up 21 working groups. Generally, the groups comprise 4-10 properties, depending on the size of the landholdings. At local area planning workshops, landholders share information and map out wild dog movements, predation and current control measures.

Click on the link to download the full Biteback case study (PDF 440Kb).

Register as a Bestprac Network member (it's free) to ensure you receive updates when the next Case Studies are available.


Foxes cause a $16.48 million loss to the wool industry. Read more in the Invasive Animals CRC's The economic impacts of vertebrate pests in Australia publication (PDF 1.36MB).

The new canid toxin, PAPP, for controlling foxes and wild dogs, is now commercially available.

AWI investments in baiting, wild dog management planning, aerial baiting rate research and on-ground grants for coordinated wild dog control also benefit fox control.

Feral Pigs

Feral pigs cause losses of $2.32 million to the wool industry. Read more in the Invasive Animals CRC's The economic impacts of vertebrate pests in Australia publication (PDF 1.36MB).

AWI does not invest in feral pig control, however the IACRC and Meat & Livestock Australia support a research program to reduce damage by feral pigs.

Further Information

Wild dogs


Feral Pigs

Additional Links