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Mustering Merino sheep, Longreach, Queensland.

AWI invests in land management research, development and extension to provide a sound base for the wool industry's ongoing commitment to environmental stewardship.

Managing pastoral country

The pastoral wool industry is responding to a wide range of issues including land degradation, animal welfare, uncontrolled pests and weeds, and the negative impact of these issues on native plants and animals.

The Managing Pastoral Country sub-program of AWI's Land Water & Wool program worked with woolgrowers across Australia to identify how pastoral country can be better managed for both environmental benefits and profitability.

Adoption of natural resource management (NRM) practices by woolgrowers is high, with eighty-eight per cent implementing NRM practices to manage their land profitably and sustainably. In addition, sixty-one per cent of woolgrowers in the pastoral zone want to develop a whole farm plan to incorporate NRM into daily farm management (Land, Water & Wool Best Practice Survey, 2003).AWI also invests in sustainable, profitable land management through the wool industry's whole farm systems programs.

Sustainable grazing on saline lands

Dryland salinity is one of the major risks to agriculture and the natural environment in the high to medium rainfall zones of Australia. Forty-one per cent of woolgrowers have land affected by dryland salinity [Land, Water & Wool Best Practice Survey 2003] while many other landscapes used for wool production are under increased risk.

Grazing is one of the few activities that can make productive and profitable use of saline land while reducing negative impacts on the environment and woolgrowing families. The Sustainable Grazing on Saline Lands (SGSL) sub-program of AWI's Land Water & Wool program worked with woolgrowers to better understand and manage saline land.

These SGSL activities and projects helped to achieve:

  • Improved production and profit from grazing saline land.
  • Better environmental outcomes from saline land.
  • More pride for woolgrowers who changed their management systems to tackle saline land on their properties.

SGSL was supported by AWI, Meat & Livestock Australia, the Cooperative Research Centre for Plant-based Management of Dryland Salinity, CSIRO and State agencies in Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, Tasmania and New South Wales.

Further Information

Managing pastoral country

Sustainable grazing on saline lands

Online tool


WA resources

SA resources

Victorian and Tasmanian resources

Shelter belts

  • The Economic Benefits of Native Shelter Belts (EBONS) Report details the economic, environmental, production and animal welfare benefits that can be achieved by establishing shelter belts. The report is written and hosted by the Basalt to Bay Landcare Network.